Passive protection is protection with no moving parts. The most common type of passive pro -- and the cheapest -- are wires (often referred to as nuts). These most popular wires are Wild Country Rocks and Black Diamond Stoppers.
Those new to traditional climbing often start their careers working with wires. On easier rock climbs where there are a lot of stances, it's reasonable to take your time and place these well.
In the following video Jullie Ellison from Climbing magazine discusses how to place wires.
In the video Julie uses the mnemonic Running Dogs Chase Squirrels. Following is a breakdown of that saying:
Running - Rock Quality - Is the rock good? What kind of rock is it? Will it break? Are you placing your protection in a crack in the rock or a crack in the earth? If it's a crack in the rock, is it acceptable?
Dogs - Direction of Pull - Is the direction of pull appropriate for the piece. If the climber falls is the piece oriented appropriately to catch it? If the piece is part of an anchor, is the piece oriented properly for that?
As a sidenote, it's not uncommon for a draw to pull a wire out of its placement. It's often better to use a sling or an alpine draw on this type of protection.
Chase - Constriction - Is there a good constriction for the piece? Have you put it in the perfect spot to ensure that when it's pulled on, it will be pulled into a tighter position?
Squirrels - Surface Contact - Does each side of the wire have good contact? Or is it only marginally in the crack?
Cleaning the Wire:
Julie also mentioned ways to clean a wire. She started with pulling upward on it, and then jumped to using a nut tool. There is a mid-level technique as well. If you place your fingers right below the head of the wire and push up on it, this will often allow you to clean it.
If you elect to use a nut tool, it's always a good idea to keep the draw clipped to the rope and then clip the nut tool to the piece. This way, when the piece pops out, you won't lose your piece or your nut tool.
There is a tendency amongst those who have the money to buy a full rack early in their climbing careers and to neglect nutcraft. I would argue strongly that, even if you have a thousand dollars to lay out on cams, you shouldn't do that. Instead, you should spend some real time learning to climb with wires. This will radically increase your long term skills as a traditional climber. Cams are great, but they should be the second stage of your learning...
--Jason D. Martin
I really like the content of your blog, it's very useful in addition of all the books, other blogs and videos I'm watching in order to educate myself in the art of climbing.
With the idea of going to the Pyrenees and the Alps and doing some technical routes, I'm learning rope use and management, and what better and easier to start than sport climbing. I'm not interested in climbing grades, but to train to a decent level in order to be comfortable in the mountains. Next step, of course it's trad climbing, which lead to my question:
Everybody is assuming you're going to have a full rack of cams, but it will be fine to start practising in easy routes (II, III, IV- as much...) with just a set of nuts and a few hexes?
Absolutely. I started my climbing career with one cam, a double set of wires and a set of hexes. I used the cam whenever possible, but it wasn't a great size. So I often did full multi-pitch ascents with nothing more than "old school" gear.ReplyDelete